There are almost 400 species of peat moss. Today we will look into What is Sphagnum Peat Moss in gardening. Sphagnum Peat Moss. Many people feel a twinge of guilt when they use peat moss in their gardening projects because of environmental concerns. You Can Use Sphagnum Moss to Filter Water. They are dead and decayed moss that accumulate over time at the bottom of bogs. A surgical bandage made of Sphagnum moss, like those used in WWI. Generally, people use the terms peat and peat moss alternatively. Difference Between Peat, Peat Moss, and Sphagnum Moss. Sphagnum moss also makes a good packing material for protecting delicate items in transit, it can be used as a cotton wool substitute and as a potting material for many species of orchid. Approximately 99 percent of Canada’s total national production comes from the combined operations of the 20 corporate groups that form the Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association (CSPMA.) There are approximately 12,000 species of moss, but it’s only the 380 species of sphagnum moss that create peat. Because of the high acidity and the antibacterial properties of sphagnum moss, it can be included in your filtration system to help filter your water. They are the remains of the dead materials of wild mosses that have been piled up in a peat bog over a thousand years. How Peat Moss works in an Aquarium Peat moss is used by professionals and consumers to make growing media or to incorporate into a garden or landscape as soil conditioner. The survival uses for moss are many and varied. And although this moss has been used as an antiseptic and antifungal agent for about 1000 years, its “secret ingredient”has recently been revealed. (National Museum of American History) Unlikely savior: The remarkable properties of spaghnum moss … Sphagnum moss has long been used for medical purposes. The semi-decomposed plant, excavated from bogs, is a first rate soil conditioner and is also used in seed and potting composts. Interesting fact: Up to 80% of the peat moss used in the US comes from Canada. Peat moss is the collective name given to moss that comes from genus “sphagnum”. Peat Moss and Gardening. What are the uses and Benefits of peat moss in your garden. Peat is a product that is created from organic materials. Florists use sphagnum moss to line wire baskets or add a decorative touch to potted plants. It comes from a wetland. Sphagnum peat moss is composed of accumulated dark brown fibrous biomatter. However, these two things are not the same. As it grows, it spreads onto drier areas and turns those into bogs as well. Peat moss is an excellent soil amendment for your acid-loving plants. The most common use for peat moss is for producing professional and consumer growing media to grow plants. 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