Softwood is the source of about 80% of the world's production of timber, with traditional centres of production being the Baltic region (including Scandinavia and Russia), North America and China. This strong, durable timber comes from a massive tree commonly up to 75 m. These woods are lightweight and softer as compared to hardwoods. Another softwood lumber, cedar is good for indoor and outdoor projects, and has two main types: White cedar is naturally resistant to rotting and bugs, making it favorable for a variety of construction purposes. First, it is classified by use, and assessed for its strength and stress-bearing qualities. Softwood lumber is generally classified in three different ways, although the systems used in different countries are different. The most common type of cedar is the western red variety. Softwoods have poor fire resistance. Softwoods and their uses. Also known as British Columbian pine, Oregon pine. This type of wood is relatively soft (1 on a scale of 1 to 4), has a straight grain, and has a slightly aromatic smell. Following is a list of common softwood varieties and their characteristics. Fibres are absent in softwood. Hardwoods are dark colored woods. Softwood is resinous in nature; it has a good and regular texture and a fragrant smell. Due to absence of vessels, softwood can also be referred to as non-porous wood. Next, we take a look at some examples of each of these two types of wood: Types of Softwood Cedar Cedar wood (Image: Wikimedia Commons) The reason why we have included this wood in our list of softwoods is that people tend to consider cedar as hardwood, but no, it is a softwood. Weight. Hardwoods have more fire resistance. Hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii) Monkey puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana) ParanĂ¡ pine (Araucaria angustifolia) Cedar (Cedrus) Celery-top pine (Phyllocladus aspleniifolius) Cypress (Chamaecyparis, Cupressus, Taxodium) Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica) Bald cypress, southern cypress (Taxodium distichum) The term softwood designates wood from gymnosperm trees (plants having seeds with no covering). Fibres: Wood fibres are present in hardwood. Various types of softwood lumber are available. Examples Cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew are examples of softwoods. However, softwoods are generally not as hardy as hardwood. Color. Cedar. Grown British Columbia; weight 500-575 kg; colour gold/reddish brown. These woods are harder and heavier than softwoods. Softwood is typically used in construction as structural carcassing timber, as well as finishing timber. Nature: Hardwoods are non-resinous woods have acids. The timber may be processed or used as it is for various applications. Softwoods (coniferous) Araucaria. Douglas fir. Western red cedar, as its name implies, has a reddish color to it. It can be used for siding, decks, fencing … Examples of the softwood-producing trees are pine, spruce, cedar, fir, larch, douglas-fir, hemlock, cypress, redwood, and yew. Levels of resilience vary from one softwood species to the next. Softwood lumber is timber obtained from coniferous evergreen trees. Fire Resistance. In this Guide, you will get the information about the differences, uses & examples of Hardwood, Softwood and which type of wood is the best for which purpose. ft) of air-dried timber (1 kg =2.2 lb.). Redwood is an example of softwood lumber. +44 1604 986028 Softwood is a generic term used in woodworking and the lumber industries for wood from conifers. Weights refer to kilograms per cubic metre (35.31 cu.