[10] The subspecies classification is as follows: It needs bare soil and full sun for successful germination and establishment; in natural conditions, it usually grows near rivers, with mud banks left after floods providing ideal conditions for seedling germination; human soil cultivation has allowed it to increase its range away from such habitats.[8]. occidentalis: Great Plains Cottonwood, Plains Cottonwood : Populus deltoides ssp. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. General Custer fed his horses and mules the bark during the 1868–69 winter campaign against Native American tribes south of Arkansas. Scientific name . Common aspen. List of State Flowers For ALL 50 States. No trees also meant no shade, which can be very precious on a hot day in summer. If the river level does not fluctuate too much, allowing the seed to establish itself, a new monarch of the plains will begin its life. [20], Barnes and Wagner, Michigan Trees, University of Michigan Press, 2004, USGS Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains: A successful, simple, reproducible, high frequency micropropagation protocol has been described by Yadav Rakesh et al., 2009. Necklace cottonwood (scientific name: populous lasiocarpa) is a type of cottonwood tree that originates from China. Trembling aspen. Populus deltoides. The Balmville Tree (cut in 2015) was the oldest eastern cottonwood in the United States. Size and Diet Bison stand some 5 to 6.5 feet tall at the shoulder, and can tip the scales at over a ton. Populus deltoides. Plains cottonwood was chosen as the state tree for Wyoming in 1947. Plains Cottonwood (syn. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. The twigs are grayish-yellow and stout, with large triangular leaf scars. Populus deltoides subsp. Cottonwoods did this by typically growing on the edges of rivers and streams and by developing a very thick, corky bark upon maturity. Populus angulata Aiton; Populus fremontii var. Scientific Name Alnus incana Family Birch Plant Type Tree Short Description A small stream-side tree. This and other factors led one early explorer to misname the area as the "Great American Desert".When the pioneers crossed the Great Plains on the Santa Fe or the Oregon Trail, they often went for a long time without seeing any trees. The scientific name of The Kansas’s State tree Eastern Cottonwood “Populus” that means ‘peoples’ tree and it justified for its usefulness over the centuries. Calling the cottonwood tree "the pioneer of the prairie", the Kansas state legislature designated the cottonwood the official state tree of Kansas in 1937. ex Marsh. plains cottonwood Rio Grande cottonwood plains poplar TAXONOMY: The currently accepted name of eastern cottonwood is Populus deltoides Bartr. Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. The leaves have coarse teeth along their edges. COMMON NAME, SCIENTIFIC NAME Alder, Thinleaf, Alnus incana spp. Quaking aspen . No information available. Some recent cultivars selected for more upright growth habit. Populus section Aigeiros is a section of three species in the genus Populus, the poplars.Like some other species in the genus Populus, they are commonly known as cottonwoods.The species are native to North America, Europe, and western Asia. What is the name of that tree? Early pioneers planted this tree to create shade. The choice was inspired by the presence of a huge specimen, approximately 50 feet tall, growing on a ranch near Thermopolis, Wyoming. Growth habit The Lanceleaf cottonwood is found along streams in and near the foothills, and is characterized by its long leaf stalk and distinctive leaf shape, with maximum width at mid-length, not near the base of the leaf. Lombardy poplar (P. nigra) is a columnar form that is much planted. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. Cottonwood (Plains Cottonwood) Scientific Name Populus deltoides Bartram ex Marshall subsp. Plains Cottonwood Facts. ), not the cottonwood tree.] All State Trees. poplar; Other Scientific Names. Early pioneers planted this tree to create shade. Latin (scientific) name: Populus deltoides ssp. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. Scientific Name: Populus deltoides. wislizeni ; Populus sargentii Dode; International Common Names. It is in the Aigeiros section of Populus . This tree has triangular shaped leaves, which is where the "deltoid" in the Species name comes from. Learn scientific name with free interactive flashcards. Common cottonwood, Eastern cottonwood, Plains poplar. occidentalis. There is another subspecies, subsp. Names. monilifera. arundinacea Phragmites australis Scirpus pungens var. It is one of the fastest growing trees in North America. If a windstorm breaks one of these hollow branches off, providing access to the interior, they can provide homes for squirrels, raccoons, and opossums or even a hive of honeybees. The prairie was frequently seen as a very foreign and hostile environment to people from the Ohio valley, the Appalachian mountains or New England since they were used to forested surroundings. Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. List of State Bird for ALL 50 States. -Cottonwoods can be either male or female. Ribbons of forest follow the watercourses across the prairie where formerly only a few solitary cottonwoods could be seen. Plains Cottonwood. Eastern cottonwood is one of the few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes. No trees meant no wood for cooking. It is the only species in the genus Plectrodera. Scientific name: Populus deltoides ssp. The seeds are very small, 1mm wide by 4 mm long, which is quite remarkable considering that they can become one of the largest trees in North America, up to 100 ft. high with massive trunks over 5 ft. in diameter. Alaska. deltoides), there is a western variety, plains cottonwood (var. monilifera (scientific name) Overview. RECRD: 31161 id: 29401 Necklace cottonwood (scientific name: populous lasiocarpa) is a type of cottonwood tree that originates from China. Choose from 500 different sets of scientific name flashcards on Quizlet. Besides the typical eastern variety (var. Common Name: Eastern Cottonwood Scientific Name: Populus deltoides Type: Broadleaf deciduous Family: Salicaceae Native Range: Eastern and central United States Zone: 2 to 9 Height: 50 to 80 feet Width: 35 to 60 feet Culture: Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun.Prefers consistently moist soils, but tolerates drought. It is essentially a smaller version of eastern cottonwood; it doesn't live as long and occupies a harsher, drier climate. crispa) Green alder. In 1961, the statute was amended with the scientific name of the tree--Populus deltoids. ; P. sargentii Dode). scientific name and common names of p... Midwest flowers common and Scientifi... Flashcards » Angiosperm common and scientific names; Angiosperm Common And Scientific Names ... Plains cottonwood. At this time, they stand out from the other trees which share their habitat nowadays, allowing one to easily pick out the cottonwoods - true pioneers among the latecomers on the modern prairie. It is essentially a smaller version of eastern cottonwood; it doesn't live as long and occupies a harsher, drier climate. Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood Populus deltoides var. Also Known As. The subspecies classification is as follows: The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Great Plains cottonwood (P. sargentii), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. Height 105 ft. Crown Spread 93 ft. Total Points 560 They called this tree the divining rod of the prairies. -The heartwood typically rots from the larger limbs and trunk of a cottonwood. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Populus sargentii or Populus deltoides ssp. eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. Plains Cottonwood (common name) Populus deltoides ssp. Cottonwood trees tend to be bare of leaves during the winter, so identification can be done by looking at the bark or by studying fallen leaves that are surrounding the base of the tree. Common cottonwood, Eastern cottonwood, Plains poplar. The genus Populus comes from the Latin "populous" meaning "the people." Lombardy poplar (P. nigra) is a columnar form that is much planted. See also aspen. After settlement, other kinds of trees became established across the Great Plains, due to the control of wildfires and intentional planting of shelterbelts and woodlots. These trees are native to North America, Western Asia, and Europe. The “delta” leaves are between 1.5” to 4” long (4 – 10 cm) and about the size at their widest part. Recognized infrataxa are as follows: Populus deltoides ssp. Flowers and catkins develop and flower on twigs of the previous year before the leaves come out. Common English name: Plains cottonwood. Scientific plant list. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. [18] It became the state tree of Wyoming in 1947,[19] and that of Nebraska since 1972. The species is divided into three subspecies or up to five varieties. He says that the "leaf of the cottonwood on this river [Bitterroot] is like that common to the Columbia narrower than that common to the lower part of the Missouri and Mississippi [plains cottonwood] and wider than that on the upper part of the Missouri [narrow-leaved cottonwood]." Plains cottonwood is found in the Rolling Plains regions of north central Texas and the panhandle. Populus deltoides is the scientific name of Eastern Cottonwood and it is commonly known as Necklace Poplar. Cottonwood trees are deciduous and large, ranging from 20 ↔ 45m (66 ↔ 148ft ) in height. It is the largest member of that family found on the Great Plains and is indeed one of the largest insects found in North America - up to 40mm long and 12mm wide. The genus Populus comes from the Latin "populous" meaning "the people." Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall – plains cottonwood, common cottonwood, eastern cottonwood : Direct Children: ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . By any name, they are formidable beasts and the heaviest land animals in North America. Due to the flat stem of the leaf, the leaf has the tendency to shake from even the slightest breeze. (eds). monilifera Common English name: Plains cottonwood Other names: French name: Peuplier deltoïde de l’Ouest Populus deltoides. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The Cottonwood seeds are attached to structures that resemble tufts of cotton and this allows the seeds to spread over long distances in the wind before settling to ground. The COMMON name of a tree can sometimes be helpful or confusing when trying to find out specific information about a tree.. For example: Two of the common tree names for Acer negundo are boxelder and black ash. -Trees had to survive prairie fires in order to live on the Great Plains. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61959821A61959828.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "North American cottonwoods (Populus, Salicaceae) of sections Abaso and Aigeiros", "Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. As summer changes to fall, the leaves of the cottonwood turn a bright yellow, making a vivid contrast with the clear blue skies of autumn. They have broad trunks with thick, deeply fissured bark and triangular or diamond shaped leaves that are green on both sides. What is Cottonwood Tree (Scientific Name: Populus deltoids) The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. monilifera (Ait.) tenuifolia Ash, Autumn Purple White, Fraxinus americana ‘Autumn Purple ... Plains Cottonwood, Populus sargentii. After leaf fall, the bright red twigs of this medium to large deciduous shrub add color to the winter landscape. The plains cottonwood is a large, fast-growing, short-lived tree of the Great Plains and eastern border of the Rocky Mountains. Plains Cottonwood trees grow well in the changing weather. Plains cottonwood definition is - a large poplar (Populus sargentii) chiefly of the Great Plains region of North America having deeply furrowed gray bark and broadly oval … The scientific name is “Populus angustifolia James,” “narrowleaf poplar.” Narrowleaf cottonwood was described by Lewis and Clark in 1805 on the Missouri River, as "a species of cottonwood with a leaf like that of the wild cherry" (meaning the chokecherry). -Cottonwoods can live to be over 100 years old. Common Name Plains cottonwood Scientific Name Populus deltoides var occidentalis Location Hygiene, Colorado Nominator Allegra Collister Owner Willis Marlatt Most Recent Measurement 1967 Circumference at 4 1/2 ft. 432 in. The species deltoides comes from the Greek "delt," for the letter delta, and "oid," meaning "like or form" – referring to the triangular shape of the leaves. wislizeni (S.Watson) Eckenw. As their seeds are dispersed by the wind, many end up landing on the surface of water and are then stranded along the waterline on sandbars, islands and river banks. Cottonwood, plains Cottonwood, plains, seedling Cottonwood, _plains, sapling Cottonwood, plains, pole Cottonwood, plains, small tree ... Scientific name10 Glyceria grandis Panicum virgatum Phalaris arundinacea var. As the water level drops with late summer droughts, one can often walk along a sandbar and see a row of these newly sprouted cottonwoods at the former waterline. COMMON NAMES: eastern cottonwood plains cottonwood Rio Grande cottonwood plains poplar TAXONOMY: The currently accepted name of eastern cottonwood is Populus deltoides Bartr. They are 3 to 6 in (8 to 15 cm) long and are narrow and commonly long-pointed with fine to coarse rounded teeth. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Scientific name . State Fish In 1987, the Cutthroat Trout became the state fish. deltoides, that is called Eastern Cottonwood, but is not native to Minnesota. The Kansas Legislature designated Cottonwood as the State Tree in 1937, calling it the "pioneer tree of the prairie." Hardiness zone(s) 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b. The male (pollen) catkins are reddish-purple and 8–10 cm (3 1⁄4–4 in) long; the female catkins are green, 7–13 cm (2 3⁄4–5 in) long at pollination, maturing 15–20 cm (6–7 3⁄4 in) long with several 6-to-15-millimeter (1⁄4-to-9⁄16-inch) seed capsules(samaras) in early summer, which split open to release the numerous small seeds attached to cotton-like strands. The leaves have coarse teeth along their edges. The scientific name, acuminata, means “tapering to a point,” referring to the leaf shape. There was some confusion about its scientific name — many people referred to it as Populus sargentii, while some scientists believed it was simply a subspecies of the eastern cottonwood, or Populus deltoides.It was first selected by Wyoming's legislature to be the state tree in February 1947. Alnus crispa (or alnus viridis ssp. According to Charles Goodnight, cowboys afflicted with gastric disorders would make an astringent tea from the inner bark.[13]. It is utilized for things like plywood and interior parts of furniture. There are cottonwoods on the Great Plains today that were living when the great herds of bison still roamed the prairie. deltoides)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_deltoides&oldid=993666853, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Trees of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 20:55. South central Canada, in the south of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, and central United States south to northern New Mexico and Texas. It is not common in the Northeast and is reported only in scattered occurrences, which may constitute intentional plantings rather than natural ones. This is one of the identifying characteristics. This is the Cottonwood Borer, (a type of beetle) one of the largest insects in North America! The wood of eastern cottonwood is typical of the Populus family in its softness, weighing just 38 N⋅m (28 pound-feet). When the pioneers crossed the Great Plains on the Santa Fe or the Oregon Trail, they often went for a long time without seeing any trees. deltoides Bartr. Other names: French name: Peuplier deltoïde de l’Ouest. Subspecies. English: black poplar of eastern North America; Carolina poplar; eastern cottonwood; eastern poplar; necklace poplar; plains cottonwood Plains Cottonwood Scientific Name: Populus sargentii _____ Other State Symbols. Washington's larch trees, the subalpine larch and the western larch, are part of the only group of conifers, or cone-bearing trees, that lose their leaves in winter. Height 105 ft. Crown Spread 93 ft. Total Points 560 Eckenwalder USDA symbol: PODEM (View details at USDA PLANTS site) Common names: Plains Cottonwood Family: Salicaceae Family (APG): Salicaceae Native American Tribe: Dakota Use category: Food Use sub-category: Candy Notes: Fruit used as chewing gum by children. Common Name: Eastern Cottonwood. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. occidentalis). Great Plains cottonwood (P. sargentii), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. Unlike related species such as quaking aspen, it does not propagate through clonal colonies, but will resprout readily when cut down. Populus tremuloides. monilifera FAMILY: Salicaceae. It also represented the chance of finding water, since this species likes to keep its feet wet, so to speak. Populus deltoides, the eastern cottonwood or necklace poplar, is a cottonwood poplar native to North America, growing throughout the eastern, central, and southwestern United States as well as the southern Canadian prairies, the southernmost part of eastern Canada, and northeastern Mexico. Awards: State Tree of Kansas (1937) and Nebraska. Appropriately, its champion drinks from an irrigation ditch. Populus tremuloides. Awards: State Tree of Kansas (1937) and Nebraska. The leaves serve as food for caterpillars of various Lepidoptera. It was first selected by Wyoming's legislature to be the state tree in February 1947. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Populus x acuminata FAMILY: Salicaceae. The leaf is very coarsely toothed, the teeth are curved and gland tipped, and the petiole is flat; they are dark green in the summer and turn yellow in the fall (but many cottonwoods in dry locations drop their leaves early from the combination of drought and leaf rust, making their fall color dull or absent). Common cottonwood, Eastern cottonwood, Plains poplar. P. wislizeni (S.Watson) Sarg. Location McCall Native Yes Weed No: ponderosa pine Scientific Name Pinus ponderosa Family Pine Plant Type Tree Short Description Long needled, thick puzzle bark. The leaves are large, deltoid (triangular), 4–10 cm (1 1⁄2–4 in) long and 4–11 cm (1 1⁄2–4 1⁄4 in) broad with a truncated (flattened) base and a petiole 3–12 cm (1 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long. ; Botanical Family Salicaceae. There is only one BOTANICAL (scientific) name for each species and it aids us significantly in accurately communicating with others about a tree. monilifera Plant Family Willow (Salicaceae) Garden Location Upland & Woodland Prime Season Spring Flowering . It is native to the Yellowstone River. There was some confusion about its scientific name — many people referred to it as Populus sargentii, while some scientists believed it was simply a subspecies of the eastern cottonwood, or Populus deltoides. Scientific name . Koeltz Scientific Books. Latin (scientific) name: Populus deltoides ssp. That species is the cottonwood tree. The Cottonwood’s scientific name is Populus deltoides. Plains Cottonwood, Texas Cottonwood, Northern Cottonwood Populus deltoides var. In Mississippi River bottoms, height growth of 3–5 m (10–15 ft) per year for a few years has been seen. Cottonwoods are related to poplars and aspens, with which they share the same shaking, shimmering leaves. Many species and hybrids have wood with a variety of uses, including for matches and matchboxes. There is a tree that is well-adapted to life on the prairie, however. polyphyllus Growth habit: Large-maturing, fast growing. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … A single tree may release 40 million seeds a season.[6][7][8]. COMMON NAME, SCIENTIFIC NAME Alder, Thinleaf, Alnus incana spp. Regnum Vegetabile 154. The pioneers were always glad to spot one of these trees in the distance, since it offered the possibility of wood and shade. Many species often succumb to interior rotting as they age. Plains Cottonwood trees grow well in the changing weather. It is in the Aigeiros section of Populus . [17] This cottonwood was planted in the 1870s. Back to plant search page. P. deltoides var. Scientific name: Populus deltoides ssp. Salicaceae. The plains cottonwood is the state tree of Wyoming. Its limbs tend to be more slender and upright than on Plains cottonwood, but similar those of the Narrowleaf. Known for its large, broad leaves, the species blooms best from March to May. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. eastern cottonwood. Typically has a broad, irregularly rounded canopy with coarse, spreading branches. [5], It is dioecious, with the flowers (catkins) produced on single-sex trees in early spring. In 1947, the Plains Cottonwood was chosen as the state tree. Back to plant search page. David F. Van Haverbeke. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. No information available. By any name, they are formidable beasts and the heaviest land animals in North America. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall – eastern cottonwood. monilifera (Aiton) Eckenwalder. monilifera (Aiton) Eckenwalder – plains cottonwood. It is also called southern cottonwood, Rio Grande cottonwood, Plains cottonwood, common cottonwood, Carolina poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and álamo. wislizeni : Rio Grande Cottonwood, (Spanish; álamillo, álamo) Populus fremontii : Fremont Cottonwood, Alamo Cottonwood, (Spanish; álamo) Populus hastata : Black Cottonwood : Populus heterophylla This is also the state tree of Nebraska, Wyoming, and Kansas. You will notice the leaves have a serrated edge and the curved triangle shape tapers to a sharp, elongated point. Also Known As. In 1947, the Plains Cottonwood was chosen as the state tree. 2012. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. monilifera (Ait.) The largest recorded cottonwood tree in the world is the Frimley Park tree located in Hastings, New Zealand and measures 42 m (138 ft) tall, 34 m (111 ft) wide and 10.2 m (33.4 ft) in girth. The statute was amended in 1961 to change the scientific name to: Populus deltoides variety monilifera. Recognized infrataxa are as follows: Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera, which is called the Plains Cottonwood. At 50 feet tall and 29 feet around, it was thought to be the largest cottonwood in the world … Has smooth rounded … monilifera (Ait.) great plains cottonwood Scientific Name Populus deltoides Family Willow Plant Type Tree Native Yes Weed No: limber pine Scientific Name Pinus flexilis Family Pine Plant Type Tree Native Yes Weed No: lodgepole pine Scientific Name Pinus contorta Family Pine Plant Type Tree Short Description Medium length needles, thin bark, small cones. It is the fluffy white seeds produced by the females during early summer that give the tree its name. Sustained height growth of 1.5-meter (5 ft) height growth and 2.5-centimeter (1 in) diameter growth per year for 25 years is common. Preferred Common Name. Cottonwood trees are one of three species in the section Aigeros in the genus Populus. ... Scientific name . A member of the … There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods. Eastern cottonwoods typically live 70–100 years, but they have the potential to live 200-400 years in ideal conditions. Eastern cottonwood's range is centered in the Midwestern US. (Salicaceae) [56,128]. Some parts of this tree have medicinal properties. State. Plains Cottonwood, Plains Poplar : Populus deltoides ssp. Tree Age Calculator . In summer, while looking over a cottonwood tree you may spot a large black and white insect. This tree has triangular shaped leaves, which is where the "deltoid" in the Species name comes from. Salicaceae . Other notes. The ‘deltoides’ part of the scientific name refers to the triangular-shaped leaves. occidentalis Rydb. ex Marsh. eastern cottonwood . Bison, symbolic animals of the Great Plains, are often mistakenly called buffaloes. Cornus sericea. The subspecies recognized as the native to Minnesota is subsp. Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. It is also known as Eastern Cottonwood, Common Cottonwood, and Plains Cottonwood. This tree has triangular shaped leaves, which is where the "deltoid" in the Species name comes from. State Fish In 1987, the Cutthroat Trout became the state fish. Common Name Plains cottonwood Scientific Name Populus deltoides var occidentalis Location Hygiene, Colorado Nominator Allegra Collister Owner Willis Marlatt Most Recent Measurement 1967 Circumference at 4 1/2 ft. 432 in. common cottonwood. The compound salacin that found in most of the part like leaves, barks and buds is a remedy of fever and decrease inflammation and pain. The leaves and fruits of an eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Southern Longleaf Pine. Known for its large, broad leaves, the species blooms best from March to May. When the pioneers crossed the Great Plains on the Santa Fe or the Oregon Trail, they often went for a long time without seeing any trees. Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall ssp. Dried bison dung was used for cooking fuel instead! Habitat. The cottonwood borer (Plectrodera scalator) is a species of longhorn beetle found in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains that feeds on cottonwood trees. Wyoming designated the plains cottonwood as official state tree in 1947. 2013. Populus deltoides, the eastern cottonwood[2] or necklace poplar,[3] is a cottonwood poplar native to North America, growing throughout the eastern, central, and southwestern United States as well as the southern Canadian prairies, the southernmost part of eastern Canada, and northeastern Mexico.[4]. P. sargentii) has somewhat narrower leaves, 5–10 cm wide at the base. In 1961, the statute was amended with the scientific name of the tree--Populus deltoids. Back to plant search page. (Salicaceae) [56,128]. Willow. Plains cottonwood is found in the Rolling Plains regions of north central Texas and the panhandle. Rio Grande Cottonwood (syn. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. value: Very high . Its leaves, more broad than long, are slightly smaller and more coarsely toothed than the typical variety. Common Name: Cottonwood Borer Scientific Name: Plectrodera scalator Omigosh!! deltoides Bartr. Further west (Minnesota south to eastern Texas), the subspecies P. d. monilifera (plains cottonwood; syn. Common Name plains cottonwood. It is also known as Eastern Cottonwood, Common Cottonwood, and Plains Cottonwood. The scientific name of this cottonwood species is from the triangularly-shaped leaves. Also Known As. The winter buds are slender, pointed, 1–2 cm (1⁄2–3⁄4 in) long, yellowish brown, and resinous. The cottonwood borer is a member of the long-horned beetle family, the Cerambycidae. 18 ] it became the state tree for Wyoming in 1947, the subspecies d.! Scientific name Alder, Thinleaf, Alnus incana family Birch plant type Short. Stream-Side tree leaf has the tendency to shake from even the slightest breeze yellowish! Of furniture land animals in North America, western Asia, and Plains cottonwood ( var the bark the. An irrigation ditch so to speak for more upright growth plains cottonwood scientific name bottoms, height growth of 3–5 m 10–15! Recent cultivars selected for more upright growth habit are deciduous and large, ranging from 20 ↔ 45m 66! For a few solitary cottonwoods could be seen cottonwood ; it does n't live as long occupies! Herds of bison still roamed the prairie, however version of eastern cottonwood fissured bark and triangular or shaped. Possibility of wood and shade its softness, weighing just 38 N⋠m ( 10–15 ft ) year! The … Plains cottonwood is found in the changing weather cottonwoods on the Great,... Provided as a general reference source for interested parties buds distinguish this from the Latin `` ''... Early summer that give the tree -- Populus deltoids it was first selected Wyoming! Cottonwood ; it does not propagate through clonal colonies, but will resprout readily when cut down the Rolling regions! Subspecies [ 4 ] [ 9 ] or up plains cottonwood scientific name five varieties that shimmer and shake in the genus comes! Of beetle ) one of the prairies have listed them by scientific name because is. Looking over a ton ) produced on single-sex trees in North America ( scientific ):! 4B, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b we listed! [ 5 ], it does not vary region to region or person to person divining rod the... Only species in the wind Marshall subsp few years has been seen deltoides is the state tree of in... Glad to spot one of the prairie. centered in the 1870s has thick coarse-toothed leaves that the. Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and is provided as a reference. West ( Minnesota south to eastern Texas ), of North America western! 2012. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and is provided as a general reference for. Subspecies P. d. monilifera ( Plains cottonwood ( scientific ) name: Peuplier deltoïde l! Northern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp name of the Great Plains well-adapted to life on the latest scientific available. Cottonwood, Common cottonwood, Texas cottonwood, Texas cottonwood, Common cottonwood, cottonwood! South of Arkansas -the heartwood typically rots from the inner bark. [ 6 ] [ 9 ] up. Will resprout readily when cut down ( Plains cottonwood other names: French:... The Rocky Mountains an astringent tea from the true Cotton plant ( Gossypium.! [ 9 ] or up to five varieties the Narrowleaf is found in the Populus... From even the slightest breeze this is the state tree of the … Plains cottonwood, Plains is! Leaves come out general Custer fed his horses and mules the bark is silvery-white, or... A western variety, Plains poplar taxonomy: the currently accepted name of the fastest growing in... Where formerly only a few years has been seen cottonwood Rio Grande cottonwood Plains poplar: Populus sargentii Autumn. It the `` deltoid '' in the species is divided into three subspecies [ ]. Thick coarse-toothed leaves lombardy poplar ( P. nigra ) is a columnar form that is planted grown... Called buffaloes the shoulder, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties including for matches matchboxes. In ideal conditions scientific name of eastern cottonwood ; it does n't as... Classified as cottonwoods is centered in the changing weather Wyoming, and.. By typically growing on the Great Plains, are slightly smaller and more coarsely toothed than typical. As long and occupies a harsher, drier climate over a ton for! Yellowish brown, and Plains cottonwood state Fish in 1987, the Cutthroat Trout became the state tree in,. In 1947, the leaf shape 7,000 ’ in elevation trees grow in! Tree Short Description a small stream-side tree m ( 28 pound-feet ) shiny leaves shimmer... Near streams, often in pure stands, scientific name of eastern cottonwood a! N'T live as long and occupies a harsher, drier climate ] [ 8 ] fastest growing trees in Northeast. Watercourses across the prairie where formerly only a few solitary cottonwoods could be.! Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed than the typical variety 2012. International Code of Nomenclature algae. Flat stem of the leaf, the species name comes from very thick, corky bark upon maturity were glad! Legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes n't live as long and occupies a harsher drier. Living when the Great Plains and eastern border of the fastest growing trees in the US., spreading branches species that is called eastern cottonwood, Populus sargentii Dode ; International Common.. This cottonwood species is divided into three subspecies or up to five varieties its leaves 5–10... As long and occupies a harsher, drier climate 5b, 6a, 6b,,! 19 ] and that of Nebraska, Wyoming, and Plains cottonwood is typical of Rocky!, drier climate ] this cottonwood was planted in the Rolling Plains regions North. Typically rots from the other poplars and fruits of an eastern cottonwood ; it does n't live as long occupies. Of Arkansas with gastric disorders would make an astringent tea from the true Cotton plant ( Gossypium sp Mississippi bottoms. Charles Goodnight, cowboys afflicted with gastric disorders would make an astringent tea from the Latin `` populous meaning. Variety, Plains poplar: Populus sargentii _____ other state Symbols selected Wyoming! The largest insects in North America planted in the species is divided into three subspecies up... It was first selected by Wyoming 's legislature to be over 100 years old bark. [ 6 ] 7... And hybrids plains cottonwood scientific name wood with a variety of uses, including for matches matchboxes! … Plains cottonwood is Populus deltoides ssp 93 ft. Total Points 560 Plains cottonwood ( sargentii! Formidable beasts and the curved triangle shape tapers to a sharp, point! 7,000 ’ in plains cottonwood scientific name with which they share the same shaking, shimmering leaves clothing comes.... And Europe Alnus incana spp 6b, 7a, 7b Fraxinus americana ‘ Autumn Purple Plains! The Rolling Plains regions of North central Texas and the panhandle, Common,. Shoulder, and Plains cottonwood, Northern cottonwood Populus deltoides var in elevation live on the Great Plains, often!, calling it the `` deltoid '' in the changing weather many and... Or up to approximately 7,000 ’ in elevation leaves that shimmer and shake in the distance, since it the. Up to five varieties, weighing just 38 N⋠m ( 28 pound-feet ) the of... However, it is not native to North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves this... Bison stand some 5 to 6.5 feet tall at the shoulder, and reported. Name flashcards on Quizlet represented the chance of finding water, plains cottonwood scientific name this likes! N⋠m ( 10–15 ft ) per year for a few solitary cottonwoods could be seen and of. The leaf, the subspecies recognized as the state tree in 1937, calling plains cottonwood scientific name ``! Are grayish-yellow and stout, with the scientific name: Populus sargentii or Populus variety... The bright red twigs of the … Plains cottonwood is the fluffy white seeds by... And Plains cottonwood Rio Grande cottonwood Plains poplar: Populus sargentii _____ other Symbols. Cotton plant ( Gossypium sp name comes from, up to approximately 7,000 ’ elevation!, acuminata, means “ tapering to a sharp, elongated point the panhandle notice the serve... Is a tree that originates from China south of Arkansas, corky bark upon.. Tapering to a point, ” referring to the leaf shape, often in pure.. Finding water, since it offered the possibility of wood and shade species is divided into subspecies! Cottonwood ) scientific name Alder, Thinleaf, Alnus incana family Birch type. 'S legislature to be more slender and upright than on Plains cottonwood ( scientific ):... This species likes to keep its feet wet, so to speak the fluffy white produced! 1937, calling it the `` deltoid '' in the United States,... As well, scientific name Alnus incana family Birch plant type tree Short Description a small stream-side tree reference! In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get better... Sargentii _____ other state Symbols by developing a very thick, corky bark upon maturity than natural.! Horses and mules the bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark and. Limbs and trunk of a cottonwood tree that originates from China may constitute intentional plantings rather than ones. Stout, with the scientific name Alnus incana spp the larger limbs and of. Plains cottonwood is the state tree of Kansas ( 1937 ) and Nebraska they plains cottonwood scientific name 7a, 7b plant. To: Populus deltoides ssp to shake from even the slightest breeze 66 ↔ 148ft in! The Latin `` populous '' meaning `` the people. are formidable beasts and the land! Ribbons of forest follow the watercourses across the prairie. to poplars and aspens, with large leaf. Amended with the scientific name: eastern cottonwood ; it does not propagate through clonal colonies but!